杉森 裕樹 スポーツ・健康科学部 看護学科 教授
Characteristics of qualitative studies in influential journals of general medicine: a critical review.
Although qualitative studies have increased since the 1990s, some reports note that relatively
few influential journals published them up until 2000. This study critically reviewed the
characteristics of qualitative studies published in top tier medical journals since 2000. We
assessed full texts of qualitative studies published between 2000 and 2004 in the Annals of
Internal Medicine, BMJ, JAMA, Lancet, and New England Journal of Medicine. We found
80 qualitative studies, of which 73 (91%) were published in BMJ. Only 10 studies (13%)
combined qualitative and quantitative methods. Sixty-two studies (78%) used only one
method of data collection. Interviews dominated the choice of data collection. The median
sample size was 36 (range: 9-383). Thirty-three studies (41%) did not specify the type of
analysis used but rather described the analytic process in detail. The rest indicated the
mode of data analysis, in which the most prevalent methods were the constant comparative
method (23%) and the grounded theory approach (22%). Qualitative data analysis software
was used by 33 studies (41%). Among influential journals of general medicine, only BMJ
consistently published an average of 15 qualitative study reports between 2000 and 2004.
These findings lend insight into what qualities and characteristics make a qualitative study
worthy of consideration to be published in an influential journal, primarily BMJ.
Yamazaki H, Slingsby BT, Takahashi M, Hayashi Y, Sugimori H, Nakayama T
共著 Biosci Trends 3(6),pp.202-209 2009/12
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